For most people living in cold weather is a drag. Being forced out of your home due to some type of disaster is bad. Having a cold weather injury is something you wouldn’t wish on anyone.
Here you are going to learn how to recognize, and treat 3 different types of cold weather injuries. We hope you never have to deal with these sorts of injuries, but in case you do it’s best to be prepared.
1. Chilblains: Chilblains is a tissue injury that can be confused with frostbite, but is usually not as severe. It is caused by exposure to non-freezing cold weather and humidity. It usually only occurs in people that already have some sort of circulation problem. It can last for several days and typically heals in a week or two after exposure to inclement weather has stopped.
– Signs and Symptoms: Blisters; burning/itching sensation; pain in affected area; skin discoloration
– Treatment: Keep affected area warm; topical steroid cream for itching
2. Trench Foot: Trench foot got its name from Soldiers suffering from this condition during WWI. It is caused by prolonged exposure to damp and cold conditions and is still regularly found today among the homeless. Trench foot is typically a bit more serious of a condition than chilblains. It can take less than a day for symptoms to start showing and can happen up to 60 °F. If left untreated, it will cause gangrene and need amputated. It can be easily avoided by wearing boots that are not too tight and drying out/changing your socks at least once a day.
– Signs and Symptoms: Pain; numbness; discoloration; blisters
– Treatment: Keep feet dry and warm; take off boots and socks when resting and sleeping
3. Frost nip: Frost nip is the first stage of frostbite. It is reversible, superficial freezing of tissue. Permanent skin damage is not expected.
– Signs and Symptoms: Pale skin; numbness; tingling
– Treatment: Rewarm affected areas immediately – can be as simple as breathing on your hands and/or placing your hands over affected areas (nose or ears)
Visit SurvivalLife.com to see how to treat 2 more cold weather injuries
Originally posted 2014-02-04 19:38:38.
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